How To Install Linux Completely For Beginners 2021- Best Guide 2022

How To Install Linux Completely?

If you are new to Linux, you need to try Linux with your hands firsthand to feel the Linux sensation.

You can try to install Linux on your computer in various ways that you can choose according to your circumstances and desires.

There are several ways to install Linux on your computer, look carefully and choose the solution that suits you.

A. Tried Linux without Installing (Live CD)

Although you can I don’t recommend using this technique to start learning Linux, this technique is used by people who are already skilled and proficient in Linux for system repair/maintenance purposes.

You must be rebelling, why can’t you and I don’t recommend it? The reason is that if you use a live CD, all changes and updates that you make to the Linux Live CD will be lost and not saved when the computer is restarted.

Every time you use Linux Live Cd you have to set this to start learning Linux, this is very inefficient and a waste of your time.

If you still want to try Linux live but the changes you make are saved even though the computer restarts, you can try using the Persistence Live USB Flashdisk method.

B. Trying Linux without Install (Persistence Live USB)

Unlike the live CD method which does not save changes after restarting the computer, the Persistence Live USB Flashdik method allows Linux to save changes even if the computer is restarted.

This method has limitations such as not being able to update the kernel and change the file system, but you can learn and play with Linux with fun from installing applications to being able to run Linux on any computer without needing to install anything, just plug your USB Flashdisk.

C. Install Linux Dual Boot Windows

This means that you will install Linux on the same hard drive without having to erase Windows so the hard drive will be split in half.

So later when you turn on your computer, you just have to choose whether you want to use Windows or Linux.

The advantages of installing Linux with a dual boot technique:

  • Linux will run with performance according to hardware capabilities/specs
  • The old operating system will not be deleted and can still be used by choosing which operating system to use when booting
  • You can open files that were in the previous operating system and manage them from Linux

Disadvantages of installing Linux with dual boot technique :

  • It is necessary to follow the guide carefully and be careful not to slip when doing the pre-installation process which causes files that were in the operating system to be deleted accidentally.
  • Files that are on Linux cannot be opened from Windows if they are placed on a Linux partition/partition with a format that is not supported by Windows (apart from FAT & NTFS, Windows cannot read)
  • You need to restart the computer to move from the Linux operating system to the previous operating system and vice versa.

D. Install Linux on Windows (virtualization)

You can install Linux in Windows with a virtualization application, this way is different from the method mentioned above because you don’t need to split/split the hard disk.

You only need to install Virtualbox virtualization software and you can run Linux in Windows.

The advantages of  installing Linux with virtualization techniques  :

  • Easier than the dual boot technique because there is no need to split partitions
  • There is no risk of missing files due to slips during the installation process, because this technique does not change the structure of the hard disk.
  • You can use Linux and Windows / other operating systems at the same time without the need for a restart process to select it as a dual boot technique.

Disadvantages of  installing Linux with Virtualization techniques  :

  • Requires more hard disk space and RAM, because technically you are running 2 operating systems on one computer so that the performance/speed of the computer will be divided.
  • Linux speeds are not as fast as when using the dual boot technique
  • The main operating system (Windows) will be a little slow because RAM and hard disk are partially used by Linux which runs in Virtualization.

E. Install Linux As Main OS

If you have made sure 100% there are no more windows applications needed to complete your work, then you can use Linux in full by installing Linux directly on your hard disk / SSD.

This method will delete data and change the partition structure on the hard disk / SSD so that Linux can run optimally on your computer.

Linux is equipped with a Windows emulator (Wine) so you can run several Windows applications on Linux directly.

If you need a Windows operating system for something and it’s very rare then you can install windows on Linux by virtualizing using VirtualBox or KVM (Kernel-based Virtual Machine)

Confused about which way to install Linux?

Okay, I will help you decide which one is most suitable for your current situation

Use virtualization techniques if your current situation:

  • You have at least 4GB of RAM (the better) and available hard disk space of at least 15GB
  • You want convenience during the installation process without risk
  • Have a screen that is a bit wide above 14 ′ but if you are willing to change the screen it’s okay, you could just stop ^ _ ^

Use the Dual boot technique to install Linux in your current situation:

  • Mediocre ram is only 2GB or less than 4GB
  • You want your Linux to run with full performance according to the specifications of your computer’s capabilities
  • Want to feel the full use of Linux and force yourself to use and learn Linux faster.
  • Want to use Linux for work and daily activities, but certain games or applications can only run on windows.

My opinion

I suggest you install using virtualization first and if after trying the performance is slow and not possible then you have to use the dual boot method so that Linux runs fully with the existing computer/laptop spec.


To learn Linux you have to try Linux directly so you can experience using Linux, you don’t need to delete your windows just to learn Linux because there are many ways you can choose to install Linux without deleting your data and windows.

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