Difference Between SQLite And MySQL
Databases are a core part of any website design or development. There are several databases available in the market. SQLite, as well as MySQL, is an equally popular open-source database. In this article, we will mention important differences between the two and help you understand the two – SQLite vs MySQL.
Database management systems (DBMS) are often referred to as RDBMS. RDBMS stands for Relational Database management system. At the most basic level, all databases are used to manage, maintain, and manipulate data.
The data model can be one of two:
- NoSQL – an unstructured and still developing model
- Relational DBMS – structured model and more prominently used
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What is a Database Management System (DBMS)
DBMS is software that interacts with databases. DBMS facilitates multiple operations over managed databases. Some of these operations are:
- Manage database access
- Runs SQL queries
- Writes data into database
- Updating the database
- Delete data from the database
In most cases, database and DBMS are used interchangeably. However, a database is a collection of data that is stored while a DBMS is the software used to access the database.
Every DBMS has a basic model that defines the structure of the database and how the data can be retrieved. Relational DBMS uses a relational data model. Here, the data is arranged in tabular form. Each table has a set of attributes or columns, and each row is also referred to as a tuple. Both also have a relationship with each other. Due to this, this database structure is referred to as RDBMS.
To work on RDBMS, you must use SQL or Structured Query Language. Each RDBMS has a different dialect.
SQLite vs MySQL
SQLite, as well as MySQL, is an open-source RDBMS. Let’s find out about the difference between the two.
Architectural Differences – SQLite vs MySQL
- SQLite is an open-source project available in the public domain
- MySQL is an open-source project owned by Oracle
SQLite is a serverless and standalone database. SQLite is also referred to as an embedded database, which means the DB engine runs as part of the application.
On the other hand, MySQL requires a server to run. MySQL will require a client and server architecture to interact over the network.
Data Type Support – SQLite vs MySQL
SQLite supports these data types: Blob, Integer, Null, Text, Real.
MySQL supports the data types mentioned below:
tinyint, smallint, Mediumint, Int, Bigint, Double, Float, Real, Decimal, Double-precision, Numeric, Timestamp, Date, Datetime, Char, Varchar, Year, Tinytext, Tinyblob, Blob, Text, MediumBlob, MediumText, Enum, Set, Longblob, Longtext.
As you know, MySQL is much more flexible when it comes to data type support.
Storage and Portability – SQLite vs MySQL
The SQLite library is about 250 KB in size, while the MySQL server is around 600 MB. SQLite stores info directly in one file, so that info can be easily copied later. No configuration is required, and the process can be carried out with minimal support.
Before copying or exporting MySQL, you will need to concatenate them into one file. However, for larger databases, this process will be a time-consuming activity.
Multiple Access and Scalability – SQLite vs MySQL
SQLite does not have specific user management functionality. Therefore, SQLite is not suitable for multiple user access. MySQL has a well-developed user management system that can handle multiple users and provide multiple levels of permissions.
SQLite is suitable for smaller databases. As the database grows, the memory requirements also get bigger when using SQLite. Performance optimization is more difficult when using SQLite. This happens because SQLite has several write limitations.
In contrast, MySQL is easy to scale and can handle larger databases without the hassle of a lot.
Security and Ease of Setup – SQLite vs MySQL
SQLite doesn’t have a built-in authentication mechanism. That way, the SQLite database files can be accessed by anyone. However, MySQL comes with a lot of built-in security features. This includes authentication with username, password, as well as SSH.
SQLite does not require a complicated configuration. It can be said that SQLite is easy to set up. Meanwhile, MySQL requires more configuration than SQLite. MySQL also has more setup guides.
When to Use SQLite?
There are certain times when SQLite can be more effective than the alternative. Some of these scenarios are:
- Develop a small standalone application
- Small projects that don’t need a lot of scalabilities
- When you have the requirement to read and write directly from the disc
- Basic development and testing
When to use MySQL?
Here are some of the scenarios where MySQL is the featured option:
- When you need multiple user access to an application
- When a user needs strong security and authentication features
- With a distributed system
- When having an application that requires a larger database
- When having projects that require more scalability
- Web-based application
- When developing custom solutions
Pros and Cons – SQLite vs MySQL
Let’s sum up the basic differences between these two options:
Pros of SQLite:
- File-based, easy to set up, and use
- Suitable for basic development and testing
- Very portable
- Uses standard SQL syntax with minor changes
- Easy to use
Disadvantages of SQLite:
- Minimal user management and security features
- Not easy to measure
- Not suitable for large databases
- Cannot be customized
The advantages of MySQL:
- Easy to use
- Provides many database-related features
- Good safety features
- Easy to measure and suitable for large databases
- Provides good speed and performance
- Provides good user management and multiple access controls
Disadvantages of MySQL:
- Requires technical expertise for setup
- The syntax is slightly different compared to conventional SQL
Now, you have learned what DBMS, RDBMS are, as well as the differences between SQLite and MySQL! Both have slight differences in architecture as well as features. Ultimately, you can decide what database is suitable for your project. We hope you can make a more informed decision now. See you in the next article!
Mustafa Al Mahmud is the Founder and CEO of Gizmo Concept and also a professional Blogger, SEO Professional as well as Entrepreneur. He loves to travel and enjoy his free moment with family members and friends.