Adobe Photoshop Definition 2021- Functions, Advantages And Disadvantages

Adobe Photoshop

Previously we have discussed MS Powerpoint, MS Excel, and MS Word now in this article we will discuss another important image editing software that is Adobe Photoshop. Adobe Photoshop is an application or software that is quite popular among image designers. This special application for PC devices has been around for a long time and has even become one of the most widely used applications.

Understanding Adobe Photoshop

Adobe Photoshop or Photoshop is an image or bitmap editing software developed by Adobe Systems. This software was first published around 1990. It was discovered on February 19, 1990.

This software is commercial in nature. If you want to use this software, an official application developer license is required in the form of a serial key.

Adobe Photoshop can be used on Windows and Mac OS operating systems. Use additional software such as CrossOver or Wine if you want to run on a Linux operating system.

Photoshop’s features are also very comprehensive and can accept different colour models such as RGB, CMYK, Lab Color, Grayscale, Bitmap, and Duotone.

In file format, Photoshop can open and save images in jpg, jpeg, PNG, gif and other rester formats. However, this software also supports special file formats and can identify the software used.

This includes PSD, PSB, and PDD.

Adobe Photoshop Functions

For more details, the following are the main functions of Adobe Photoshop:

1) Merge 2 or more images into a new image.

2) Delete objects in the image.

3) Give or change colour.

4) Resize the image to be smaller or larger.

5) Sharpen colour and image quality.

6) Clean or beautify the image.

7) Blur the image so it looks weak.

8) Increase the light intensity of the image to make it brighter.

9) Crop the image.

What’s in Adobe Photoshop

The Photoshop application has several other important parts that also have their own functions. These sections are like menus, layers, tools, toolboxes, and more. Here are some important parts of Photoshop and their features:

1.) Layer: as a canvas for designing images. In Photoshop, we can use more than one layer. The benefit of using multiple layers is that each design at one level does not affect the designs at other levels. All designs on an existing layer can be combined into a single image.

2.) Tool: a tool for designing or editing images.

3.) Menu: The main city where all Photoshop tools are located. Main menu in Photoshop: File, Edit, Image, Layer, Select, Filter, Analysis, 3D, View, Window, and Help.

4.) Toolbox: A special place where important tools are available to make them easier to view and use.

How to Use Photoshop

1.) How to Use Layers in Photoshop

Layers are one of the most important features of this software and are the first point to learn.

To add, delete to hide layers or even minimize layers, then use the eyeball icon which is located to the left of each layer name.

See an example in the image below:

Layers in Photoshop

3 types of layers can be seen consisting of a logo at the bottom, text, and an image for the background. To make it easier to use, give the layer a name so you don’t get confused. Click 2 times on the desired layer then insert the desired name.

2.) How to Use the Pen Tool in Photoshop

The Pen Tool can be used to create the desired shape, this tool has four types with different functions:

– Standard Pen: used to draw curves and straight segments.

– Curvature Pen: used to draw straight segments and intuitive curves.

– Freeform Pen: used to draw free forms like using a pen on paper.

– Magnetic Pen: used to draw a path that is clamped to a predetermined edge so that the results are more accurate.

For example, making a star shape as below:

Magnetic Pen

3.) How to Use the Type Tool in Photoshop

The type tool is used to insert words in the image by holding down the type tool icon in the toolbox on the left. Then a display of options will appear to type horizontally or vertically.

Then more options will appear under the main menu and can be selected to use the character panel by showing a few more options.

4.) How to Use the Gradient Tool in Photoshop

Gradients or colour transitions of two or more colours will give the background a charming appearance. How to make it yourself is quite easy, here’s how:

– Click the paint bucket icon and hold it until the menu appears then select the gradient tool.

– An options menu will appear below the main menu that can be used by clicking the dropdown menu. Specify the default gradient to choose from.

Gradient Tool in Photoshop

– Creating gradients can also be used in other ways by clicking the bar to bring up the gradient editor and creating a gradient version as desired.

– If you have selected the type of gradient you want, then click OK and drag the document by clicking anywhere in the file. Then drag the mouse down and drag the line to the endpoint of the gradient.

For example, if you want a gradient with a diagonal shape, click on the top left corner of the document and drag it to the bottom right corner.

gradient with a diagonal shape in Photoshop

Here is the output:

output gradient with a diagonal shape in Photoshop

In the menu above there are 5 types of gradients to choose from, including:

1.) Linear Gradient is a straight line.

2.) Radial Gradient is a circular pattern outwards symmetrically from the starting point.

3.) The Angular Gradient is a clockwise sweep that rotates around the starting point.

4.) Reflected Gradient is the linear gradient of the mirror that exists on both sides of the starting point.

5.) Diamond Gradient is a diamond pattern from the middle corner to the outside.

5.) How to Use the Lasso Tool in Photoshop

The lasso tool functions as an object selection tool using the draw method, to select objects we can do it freely without using a ruler. The results of this tool can be said to depend on the ability of the user.

There are 3 choices of tools that can be used in this application, including:

  • Standard Lasso can be used to draw the shape you want to cut by holding down the mouse.
  • Polygonal Lasso can be used to select objects with straight-line patterns as well as slightly curved lines.
  • Magnetic Lasso can follow objects automatically and can be used to select detailed results.

Advantages of Adobe PhotoShop Application

Every application that is made to make it easier for users to use, must have advantages and disadvantages.

Now for the Adobe application itself has the following advantages and disadvantages:

Also read   SketchUp – Definition, Types, Functions, Advantages, and Disadvantages

Advantages of Adobe PhotoShop Application

1.) The final image editing results are more satisfying.

2.) The tools inside are easy to operate.

3.) Supported by many excellent tools.

4.) Can be used to write with the desired effect. For those of you who want to make text look different, Photoshop is the answer.

5.) Can be used to design or edit images.

6.) Can produce various materials.

7.) Can also be used to process web content. For those of you who have internet and load photos, but the photos are too big, you don’t need to worry because you can rely on Photoshop for that.

8.) Familiar and often used.

9.) Edit options are more complete than others.

10.) Can be used for photographic techniques. In Photoshop, you can freely express your original photo to make it cooler and more interesting.

11.) Can add more effects even if there are too many effects.

12.) Various formats can be used for storage. The save format in Photoshop is not only PSD, but also JPEG, PNG, and others.

13.) Photoshop works faster.

Disadvantages of Adobe PhotoShop Application

1.) The number of layers used confuses users when using Photoshop.

2.) Photoshop is not suitable for creating magazines and brochures, because it cannot be perfect when creating paragraphs.

3.) The required size is too big. If we now use too many layers, the size in Photoshop is very good.

4.) When printing Photoshop results, the paper used is relatively difficult.

The final word

Even so, Adobe Photoshop is still considered one of the best editing software that must be learned. By often honing skills in using this application, it is possible to become a professional graphic designer. So many reviews from GC, hopefully, it’s useful.

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